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87   2012-12-22 00:12   分类:学习   标签写作 
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一、 文章开头句型

1-1 对立法 : 先引出其他人的不同看法,然后提出自己的看法或者偏向于某一看法, 适用于有争议性的主题。

例如(e.g.)

[1]. When asked about....., the vast/overwhelming majority of people say that ....... But I think/view a bit differently.

[2]. When it comes to .... , some people believe that ....... Others argue/claim that the opposite/reverse is true. There is probably some truth in both arguements/statements , but (I tend to the former/latter ...)

[3]. Now, it is commonly/generally/widely believed/held/acknowledged that .... They claim/ believe/argue that ... But I wonder/doubt whether.....

 

1-2 现象法 引出要剖析的现象或者问题,然后评论。

e.g.

[1]. Recently the rise in problem of/(phenomenon of) ... has cause/aroused public/popular/wide/ worldwide concern.

[2]. Recently the issue of the problem of/the phenomenon of ...has been brought into focus. ( has been brought to public attention)

[3].Inflation/Corruption/Social inequality ... is yet another of the new and bitter truth we have to learn to face now/constantly.

 

1-3 观点法 ----开门见山,直接了当地提出自己对要讨论的问题的看法。

e.g.

[1]. Now people in growing/significant numbers are beginnig/coming to realize/accept/(be aware) that...

[2]. Now there is a growing awareness/recognation of the necessity to......Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of ......

[3]. Perhaps it is time to have a fresh look at the attitude/idea that.......

 

1-4 引用法 ----- 先引出名人名言或者有代表性的看法,来引出文章要展开论述的观点。

e.g.

[1]. "Knowledge is power." such is the remark made by Bacon.This remark has been shared by more and more people .

"Education is not complete with graduation." such is the opinion of a great American philosopher. Now more and more people share his opinion.

[2].How often do we hear statements like  ".........".

In our own days we are used to hearing such traditional complains as this "......".

 

1-5 比较法 ------ 通过对过去、现在两种不同的倾向、观点的比较,引出文章要讨论的观点。

e.g.

[1]. For years, ...had been viewed as ... But people are taking a fresh look now. With the growing ... , people ....... .

[2]. People used to think that ... (In the past, ....) But people now share this new...

 

1-6 故事法 ---- 先讲一个较短的故事来引发读者的兴趣,引出文章的主题。

e.g.

[1]. Once in (a newspaper) , I read of/learnt .... The phenemenon of ... has aroused public concern.

[2]. I have a friend who ... Should he .... ? Such a dilemma we are often confront with in our daily life.

[3]. Once upon a time , there lived a man who ... This story may be (unbelievable) , but it still has a realistic significance now.

 

1-7 问题法 ----- 先用讨论或解答的设问,引出自己观点, 适用于有争议性的话题。

e.g.

Should/What ...... ? Options of ... vary greatly , some ..., others ...

But in my opinion , ...... .

 

二、  文章中间主体内容句型

原因结果分析

2-1. 基本原因 --- 分析某事物时, 用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因.

e.g.

[1]. Why ... ? For one thing.. For another ...

[2]. The answer to this problem invovles many factors. For one thing... For another...... Still another ...

[3]. A number of factors , both physical and psychological affect .... /both individual and social contribute to ....

 

2-2 另一原因 --------> 在分析了基本原因之后, 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用!

e.g.

[1]. Another important factor is ....

[2]. ... is also responsible for the change/problem.

[3]. Certainly , the ... is not the sole reason for .....

 

2-3 后果影响 --------- 分析某事物可能造成的后果或者带来的影响 .

e.g.

[1]. It will produce a profound/far-reaching effect/impact on....

[2]. It involves some serious consequence for ........

 

2-4  比较对照句型

2-4-1. 两者比较 ---> 比较两事物, 要说出其一超过另一个, 或肯定一事物的优点, 也肯定其缺点的时候用 !

e.g:

[1]. The advantages gained from A are much greater than the advantages we gain from B.

[2]. Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B.

[3]. There is no doubt that it has its negative effects as well as positive effects.

2-4-2 . 两者相同/相似 ------> 比较两事物共同都有或者共同都没有的特点时用!

e.g:

[1]. A and B have several things in common. They are similar in that.....

[2]. A bears some striking resemblance(s) to B.

 

三、 文章结尾形式

3-1 结论性--------- 通过对文章前面的讨论 ,引出或重申文章的中心思想及观点 .

e.g.

[1]. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that .....

[2]. In summary/In a word , it is more valuable .......

 

3-2 后果性------ 揭示所讨论的问题若不解决, 将产生的严重后果.

e.g.

[1]. We must call for an immediate method , because the current phenomenon of ... , if allowed to proceed, will surely lead to the heavy cost of .......

[2]. Obviously , if we ignore/are blind to the problem , there is every chance that .. will be put in danger.

 

3-3 号召性 -------- 呼吁读者行动起来, 采取行动或提请注意.

e.g.

[1]. It is time that we urged an immediate end to the undesirable tendency of ......

[2]. It is essential that effective measures should be taken to correct the tendency.

 

3-4 建议性 -------- 对所讨论的问题提出建议性的意见, 包括建议和具体的解决问题的方法.

e.g.

[1]. While it cannot be solved immediately, still there are ways. The most popular is .... Another method is ... Still another one is .....

[2]. Awareness/Recognition of the problem is the first step toward the situation.

 

3-5 方向性的结尾方式 ---- 其与建议性的唯一差别就是对问题解决提出总的, 大体的方向或者指明前景.

e.g.

[1]. Many solutions are being offered here , all of them make some sense, but none is adequate enough. The problem should be recognized in a wide way .

[2]. There is no quick method to the issue of .., but .. might be helpful/benefical.

[3]. The great challenge today is ...... There is much difficulty , but ........

 

3-6 意义性的结尾方式 --------> 文章结尾的时候,从更高的更新的角度指出所讨论的问题的重要性以及其深远的意义!
 e.g.

[1]. Following these suggestions may not guarantee the success, but the payoff might be worth the effort . It will not only benefit but also benefit .....

[2]. In any case, whether it is positive or negative, one thing is certain that it will undoubtedly ..

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