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学习园地 - 专业四级学习小组

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    复合句例句+练习

    37 Carolyn 2013-02-26 21:05
    一 、状语从句:

    状语从句又可分为时间、地点、目的、原因、结果、行为方式、条件、让步

    及比较等几种形式。


    1.I'll go with you as soon as I ____my work.

    A.will finish B.shall finish C.finish D.finished

    选C.在时间、条件状语从句中,主句可能是祈使句、一般将来时或带情态

    动词,从句用一般现在时。如 果主句是过去将来时,从句可以用一般过去时。

    能够引导时间状语从句、条件状语从句的从属连接词,常见的 有:when,until

    (ti y,directly,unless,as long as,suppose等。如:

    (1)Unless he comes,we won't be able to go.

    (2)Suppose it goes on raining,what shall we do?

    (3)Lu Xun often said,"As long as I am alive,I shall go on studying."

    2.No sooner_____the news than they rushed out into the street.

    A.they heard B.they had heard C.did they hear D.had they heard

    选D.no sooner…than,hardly… when,scarcely… before表示"—…

    就",主句一般用过去完成时(h ad+V-ed),从句用一般过去时,如果hardly,no

    sooner, scarcely放句首,主谓倒装。

    3.Although he is considered a great writer,____(MET'91)

    A.his works are not widely read B.but his works are not widelyread

    C.however his works are

    not widely read D.still his works arenot widely read

    选A.这是一个让步状语从句,主句与从句之间有一个从属连词

    although(though),不能再加but,howeve r,still等,但可以和yet连用。

    4.No matter how hard he worked,____(84年)

    A.he could not do any better B.and he could not do any better

    C.so he could do any bettes D.but he could not do any better

    选A.由no matter引导的让步状语从句,其主句也不能再用but,and,so

    等并列连接词。

    5.____he might,he failed,A.Try as B.As try C.Tried as D.As tried

    选A.为了强调让步的意义,表示出非常强烈的对照,用as或though引导

    的让步状语从句,从句的语序要 作部分调整,即把句子受强调的表语、状语或

    动词原形置于从句的句首。如果表语是单数可数名词,移置句首 时,名词前不

    用冠词。如:

    (1)Much as I like it,I will not buy it.(2)Child as she is,she

    knows a lot of English.

    6.Did the two boys look so much alike____no one could tell thema

    part?

    A.and B.that C.as D.so that

    选B.目的状语从句的表达:"主+谓+that(so that,in order that)+

    主+may(might,can,could,sho uldn't等)+谓"。

    7.____Mr Smith is well again,he can travel.

    A.Now that B.But that C.And that D.Since that

    选A.now that相当于since。表示原因状语从句的连接词常见的有

    because,as,since,now that,seeing that,considering that等。

    8.It was____a hundred people looked lost in it.

    A.so large a room that B.so large a room C.such large a room thatD.a

    such large room

    选A.引导结果状语从句:

    so+adj(adv)+that从句so+adj+a(an)+n+that从句such+a(an)+

    adj+n+that从句

    表示"这样……(一个)……以至于……"。

    9.The harder he worked,____he felt.

    A.happier B.the happier C.the happy D.the happiest

    选B.the+比较级+主+谓,the+比较级+主+谓,意思是"越……

    越……"。

    二、定语从句

    定语从句是在复合句中使其修饰的某一名词或代词代表一个(些)或一类特

    定的人或东西。在做定语从句 的练习时,首先应该找出先行词,然后再确定选

    择关系代词或关系副词。能够引导定语从句的关系代词和关系 副词有

    who,whom,whose,that,which,when,why,where。


    1.She heard a terrible noise,____brought her heart into ber

    mouth.(MET'91)

    A.it B.which C.this D.that

    选B.在非限定性定语从句中,关系代词用which不能用that。

    2.He paid the boy $ 10 for washing ten wiondows,most of____hadn't

    cleaned for at least a y ear.(MET'90)

    A.these B.those C.that D.which

    选D.如果选A、B、C,整个句子不符合语法要求,因为有一个"逗号",

    不是并列句,因此只能是一 个非限定性定语从句,在非限定性定语从句中关系

    代词一般用which。

    3.His parents wouldn't marry anyone____family was poor.(MET'88)

    A.of whom B.whom c.of whose D.whose

    选D.因为whose作family的定语。

    4.Finally the thief handed in everything____he had stolen to

    thepolice.(MET'87)

    A.after B.what C.whatever D.that

    选D.因为A、B、C不能引导定语从句。先行词everything,关系代词

    that在从句中作宾语。当先行词 是不定代词

    all,anything,nothing,everything,something等,关系代词只能由that引导。

    5.All____is needed is a supply of oil.(MET'89)

    A.the thing B.that C.what C.which

    选B.All作先行词,关系代词由that引导。

    6.In fact the Swede did not understand the three questions____were

    asked in French.(85年 )

    A.where B.who C.in which D.which

    选D.question是先行词,在从句中作主语,所以应用which引导。

    7.The man____talked to you just now is an engineer.(80年)

    A.who B.where C.which D.what

    选A.先行词是man。在从句中作主语,所以选who。

    8.The word"write"has the same pronunciation____the work"right".

    (84年)

    A.of B.as C.to D.from

    选B.先行词中含有such,the same时,或先行词被such,the same修饰时,

    关系代词用as引导。

    9.Watch the girl and her dog____are crossing the bridge.

    A.which B.who C.they D.that

    选D.当先行词含有"人"和"物"时,关系代词用that。

    10.This dictionary,a few pages____are missing,is of no use.

    A.among which B.of which C.which D.in which

    选B.dictionary是先行词,which是关系代词,a few pages of

    which(diciotnary)。

    11.You may take____book you like.

    A.which B.only c.whichever D.what

    选C.复合关系代词本身兼有先行词。whichever=anything

    that,whatever=anything that,whoever=any one who,whomever=anyone

    whom,whosever=anyone whose。

    12.This is the best dictionary____I've ever bought.

    A.with which B.that C.which D.when

    选B.先行词是dictionary,因为先行词前有最高级、序数词、only,very,any

    等修饰时,关系代词用tha t。

    13.I still remember the day____I first came to Beijing.

    A.which B.that C.when D.where

    选C.先行词the day,在定语从句中作状语,所以选when。当先行词是时

    间名词或地点名词时,关系词选 用when或where,that或which,主要取决于

    在定语从句中所作成份,如果作宾语,用that或which,作状语用wh en或where。

    如:

    (1)I still remember the days that/which we spent in the countryside.

    先行词是the days,spent是及物动词,that/which作spent的宾语。

    (2)This is the place where I lived three years ago.

    先行词是place,lived是不及物动词,where在从句中作状语。

    (3)This is the place that/which we visited three years ago.

    先行词是place,visited是及物动词,that/which在从句中作宾语。

    14.____,Charles Dickens was an English writetr.

    A.It's knownn to all B.It's known that C.We all know D.As isknown to

    all

    选D.as引出非限定性定语从句,表示"正如……那样”。类似的还有:asyou

    know,as you see,as can

    be known,as has been pointed out,as is known to all等。

    15.I don't like the way____you laughed at her.

    A.which B.in that C.where D.that

    选D.先行词是the way,表示方式,可用that(可省)或in which来引

    导一个定语从句。如果先行词是时 间或原因,也可用that(可省)或when或

    why来引导定语从句。如:

    (1)This was the reason that/why he was late yesterday.

    (2)This is the last time that I shall give you a lesson.

    三、名词性从句:

    在句子中充当主语、宾语、表语与同位语的句子分别叫做主语从句、宾语从

    句、表语从句和同位语从句, 这些统称为名词性从句。


    1.Can you make sure____the gold ring?(MET'90)

    A.where Alice had put B.where had Alice put C.where Alice has

    putD.where has Alice put

    选C.在宾语从句中,须用陈述句自然语序(即疑问词+主语+谓语)。主

    句是现在时,从句也亦用相应 的一类时态,现在完成时。

    2.These photographs will show you____(MET'89)

    A.what does out village look like B.what our village looks likeC.how

    does our village look like D.how our village looks like

    选B."show"后面接一个宾语从句,A,C语序不合,D答案中的how是

    副词,不能作like的宾语。

    3.They want to know____do to help us.(MET'88)

    A.what can they B.what they can C.how they can D.how can they

    选B.know后面接一个宾语从句,A,D语序不合,C答案中的how是副

    词,不能作do的宾语。

    4.They have no idea at all____.(MET'87)

    A.where he has gone B.where did he go C.which place has he goneD.where

    has he gone

    选A.根据宾语从句语序。

    5.Can you tell me____?(85年)

    A.Who is that gentleman B.that gentleman is who C.who that gentleman

    is D.whom is that ge ntleman

    选C.在宾语从句中that gentleman作主语,who作表语。

    6.The old gentleman never fails to help____is in need of help.

    A.whom B.who Cwhoever D.whomever

    选C.whoever=anyone who。如:

    (1)You may do whatever(anything that) you like.

    (2)Return the book to whosever(anyone whose)name is on it.

    (3)You had better see the men for yourself and choose whichever(any

    one of them that) you

    like.

    7.____comes back first is supposed to win the prize.

    A.Those who B.Anyone C.Whoever D.The one who

    选C.Whoever=anyone who。A主谓不一致,B句子结构不正确,D无让步

    意味。

    8.The news____we had won in the match excited us all.

    A.that B.where C.which D.X

    选A.We had won in the match就是the news 的具体内容,同位语从句

    中的连词that,尽管不作任何成 份,但不能省去。
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