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学习园地 - 专业四级学习小组

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    完全倒装

    47 Rebekah 2012-12-18 23:28
    完全倒装:其语序是将谓语动词放在主语之前,即:引起倒装的词+谓语动词+主语,其目的是强调某一本分。常见的三种情况:
    (1)强调表语的倒装句:
    表语的分词,分词短语,名词,代词或介词短语位于句首的表示强调表语,一般情况下用完全倒装。
    eg:Happy indeed are those who receive maverlous news after a long silence.
    Gone is the past.过去的就都过去了。
    In the margins were his handwritten notes.他的书写笔记在空白处。
    (2)强调状语
    强调状语分为两种情况:
    1.以地点状语here,there和以时间状语now,then以及表示方向的副词in,out,away,up,down等待,及副词hence,thus等开头的句子要完全倒装,谓语动词通常是be,go,live,sit,lie,stand等动词。
    Here comes the last bus!
    Out came the teacher with a book in his hand.
    Now comes your turn to answer the question.
    Down it came (the rain).
    2.主语较长,谓语是不及物动词时,将状语提前(大部分是一些表示地点和时间的介词短语)用完全倒装。
    On the table was a toy which we like.
    At the school gate stood an old man who looked very anxious.
    After winter comes spring.
    (3)副词倒装
    以副词so,neither,nor放在句首表示前面一句话中的谓语动词所说的情况也适用于另一个人或物,用完全倒装。
    We can't go.Neither/Nor can they.
    Water can generate electricity and so can wind.
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